Androgenetic Alopecia, causes, diagnosis, and treatments

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Androgenetic Alopecia, causes, diagnosis, and treatments
  • last update date : 2021-02-22

Androgenetic Alopecia, causes, diagnosis, and treatments

Genetic baldness or hair loss is the most common hair loss type among both men and women. Although there are several reasons behind hair loss, such as stress and anxiety, certain diseases, and medications, androgenetic alopecia is over 95% of hair loss cases in men.

In this article, we will talk about hereditary-pattern baldness and its main reason, symptoms for both men and women, and available treatments which reduce or prevent hair loss completely.

Androgenetic Alopecia

Genetic hair loss is not a disease, but it is a natural condition that is experienced by a lot of people who genetically inherit it from one of the parents. A high level of Dihydrotestosterone, which is derived from testosterone hormone affects the scalp negatively, shrinking and weakening the hair follicles.

Then, the growth circle of hair follicles is shortened, affecting hair follicles to become thinner and weaker, as well as hair starting to fall out in certain areas of the scalp. Furthermore. Women also can experience hereditary-pattern hair loss as a result of producing a high amount of (DHT).

Androgenetic Alopecia symptoms

Genetic baldness is usually diagnosed by its hair loss pattern and type, as well as the medical history of the family's person if any member suffers from androgenetic alopecia. Moreover, the doctor examines the hair scalp's patient, to evaluate to what extent hair follicles are affected. The male-pattern baldness which is experienced by men differs from the pattern which affects men in terms of the shape and infected hair areas.

Symptoms in men

The Norwood scale is considered one of the most common classification scales to diagnose male pattern baldness cases. It works as a reference to help the doctor evaluating the patient's scalp and baldness.

The male pattern baldness starts with hairline recession at the temple, then spreads over the vertex, taking an M-shape pattern. In some extremist cases, the whole hair is lost, except the hair along the side and back of the hair scalp.

Symptoms in women

Since the female-pattern baldness takes a shape that differs from the one in men, the way of diagnosing it is different too. Female-pattern loss is based on a classification scale, known as Ludwig. Female baldness tends to be widespread but invisible. The hair loss begins at the top of the scalp which is the most commonly affected area by (DHT), taking the shape of a Christmas tree. Unlike men, women never experience a hairline recession, hair loss at the temples, or full baldness.

Androgenetic alopecia treatments

Generally, genetic hair loss cannot be prevented and hair regrowth cannot be promoted again. However, if the hair loss is noticed and handled in its early stages, then it might be a chance to stop or reduce it. Several options are available for fighting hair loss, such as using certain medications, taking vitamins, or following a healthy lifestyle, and finally hair transplant which is considered a powerful option if the former ways fall to stop hair loss. 

Hair loss medications

Here are the most powerful medicines which play a vital role in fighting hair loss:


A medical solution that strengthens and thickens the hair follicles by increasing the blood circulation in the affected areas of the scalp. It works for both men and women and is used two times a day topically on the scalp. The final results are seen from 4 to 8 months after the application.


A medical drug that is approved by (FDA), treats genetic hair loss by preventing testosterone from being converted to DHC which affects the hair follicles negatively. It is taken once a day and ensures good results if used regularly. Usually, it is accompanied by headaches and skin irritation.

Healthy lifestyle

Following a balanced and healthy system can contribute to reducing the negative impact of (DHT) hormone on the hair follicles. Furthermore, practicing exercise and refraining from smoking can play an important role in reducing stress which weakens the hair follicles. Additionally, it is recommended to avoid using hair bands, dye, and certain types of shampoos continuously which may affect the hair badly.

Vitamins and herbal products

Some herbal products, such as green tea and turmeric, help treat hair loss by reducing the impact of (DHT) hormone that affects hair follicles negatively. Moreover, certain supplements, such as Niacin, Biotin, and other vitamins, help also treat hereditary hair loss by improving blood circulation in the scalp.

Hair transplantation

Finally, hair transplantation is the best option for treating hair loss if medications or natural remedies could not respond well. Hair transplantation is a minimally invasive procedure that ensures natural and healthy hair at the same time. The operation is performed by picking hair follicles from the donor area (the back area of ​​the scalp) and transplanting them in the bald areas, (the recipient area). The operation can be done by one of those two common techniques, (DHI) technique or (FUE) technique.