The process of teeth formation begins with the stages of formation of the fetus before birth. But they do not begin to appear in the mouth until the sixth month after birth, at which stage they are called milk or temporary teeth. Which are 20 teeth that erupt on the upper and lower jaws of the mouth. At the age of six, permanent teeth begin to erupt and the jaw begins to grow in proportion to the facial size and dental function. During these stages, the mouth and teeth may be exposed to certain problems and diseases, requiring preventive or therapeutic medical intervention to maintain the health of this important organ. In our next article from Mira Clinic, we highlight basic information that cannot be ignored if you are interested in the health of your mouth and teeth.
The oral cavity of an adult contains 32 teeth, each of which is located in its cavity inside the jawbone and is surrounded by tissues dedicated to its protection and stabilization called connective tissues, Besides, the covering loose tissues called gingiva. As a result, the oral cavity components work in a clear harmony to complete their basic function of:
Pronunciation and phonetics: Teeth are a fixed pronunciation organ that plays an essential role in controlling the exits of sounds and maintaining the proper pronunciation of words.
Aesthetics: The mouth is the head of the beauty triangle that connects the eyes and mouth, which is one of the basic criteria for determining the level of consistency in the features of the face, so the presence, completeness, and integrity of the teeth contribute significantly to maintaining the beauty of the appearance.
Digestive function: The mouth is the body's first gateway to the digestive system and is responsible for the process of cutting food. The function of chopping and grinding of nutrients that enter the body varies according to the type of tooth, there are the front incisors responsible for the process of gnawing while canines and premolars are responsible for the initial cutting and the molars responsible for the final grinding of food and prepare it to enter the esophagus.
As mentioned earlier, there is not a single type of tooth but several types and anatomical forms commensurate with the nature of each tooth's function, making the likelihood of health problems and diseases different. For example, front incisors are more vulnerable to fracture problems, while posterior molars are more susceptible to caries and so on.
The most important health problems that can affect teeth and require medical intervention include:
Caries: According to a study conducted at the University of London, 2.4 billion people worldwide have tooth decay. Caries is an infectious bacterial disease that causes permanent damage to tooth tissue, resulting in partial or total loss of it.
Gum disease: gingival diseases are resulted from many psychological and health factors and often accompany certain age groups such as adolescence or the elderly, diseases ranging from a mild inflammation of the gums to complete tissue destruction, sometimes requiring surgical intervention.
Deviation of teeth: When the jaw grows or the teeth erupt, a deviation in the direction of jaw or tooth growth may arise from normal, which may require medical intervention by using special orthodontic devices to treat the deviation.
Pigmentation: It is in two types, internal pigmentation, which is produced during the formation due to taking certain medications during pregnancy, or other factors, in which case the pigmentation can only be eliminated through the ceramic veneers that are cemented to the surface of the tooth after preparation. While the external pigmentations result from drinks and foods containing dyes such as tea and coffee, in which case the patient needs teeth bleaching.
If you intend to visit your dentist for a general check-up or address a particular problem, you must be subject to one of the following procedures, and it is important to understand what these procedures are and what they are for.
teeth cleaning: Each time the patient undergoes a periodic examination at the dentist, he must undergo a thorough cleaning of all teeth, which is often done using an ultrasonic device specialized in removing any calcifications or yellowing caused by the accumulation of calculus. This procedure may cause bleeding of the gums, especially if they are inflamed, but it preserves the teeth and reduces the accumulation of bacteria on their surface.
periodontal treatment: Dental cleaning is the first step in the treatment of the gingiva, but some cases may require massive medical intervention through bone transplants or surgical flaps to treat the problem of recessed gums and bone destruction. The most important side effect of this type of treatment is the failure of the procedure, as a result of the body's intolerance to the new substances or significant loss of tissues around the tooth.
Treatment of dental pulp: or what is known as Endodontic treatment. Patients often need this procedure if caries reaches the area of the pulp of the tooth. It is necessary to maintain the tooth but it needs great accuracy to clean the inner part of the tooth completely of bacteria and then fill it with special substances to ensure that there is no re-infection.
Orthodontics: Using fixed or mobile or mobile orthodontic devices in proportion to the case, the erosion of jaw bones and tooth loss are side effects of the wrong orthodontic treatment.
conservative treatment: In the case of the partial or total loss of teeth as a result of decay, fracture, or other diseases, the patient needs to compensate for the missing part using substances as close as possible to the nature of the tissues of the tooth to maintain its functional and aesthetic. Which could be in the form of:
Tooth fillings: The damaged part of the tooth is removed and replaced with a suitable filling, most notably the composite filling, known as the white filling, to restore the functional capacity of the tooth while maintaining its appearance and color.
prosthodontic treatment: in case of the tooth loss completely lost, compensation for this missing is in the form of separate crowns or connected bridges. There are several types of prosthodontics depending on the materials used in them, the most prominent of which are porcelain, zircon, porcelain-coated metal, and ceramics.
Despite the significant development in the field of conservative dentistry, none of these manufactured substances provide the advantages provided by the original tooth tissues, which makes this procedure accompanied by many side problems such as a defect in the occlusion or fracture in the filling that requires retreatment.
Dental implants: As a result of the problems associated with dental structures, techniques have been developed to implant lost teeth without having to prepare the adjacent teeth. However, this procedure requires special criteria regarding the patient's bone level, the location of the missing tooth, and the nature of the occlusion for the implant to succeed.
Teeth whitening: is a cosmetic procedure to treat pigmentation. There are many methods of teeth whitening followed, the most important of which are laser bleaching and chemical bleaching. In some cases, bleaching may cause tooth sensitivity which may require endodontic treatment.
Hollywood Smile: It is the dream smile for many, where the color and shape of the outer surface of the teeth is adjusted by placing thin ceramic veneers to suit the size of the jaw and the degree of the color of the teeth desired by the patient.
Medical procedures in the dental clinic are accompanied by some necessary steps, the most important of which is radiography, which is required in the process of diagnosis or follow-up of the stages of treatment. In addition to anesthesia, which is often local except in some cases that need general anesthesia.